The government on October 2, 2021 (Saturday) launched a web portal – “Waste to Wealth” to discover solutions to India's waste problems. The portal will bring the citizens on one platform to solve the country’s waste problem.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 3, 2021 (Sunday) said that the display of the world's largest tricolour made up of Khadi cloth at Leh is a "unique tribute" to Mahatma Gandhi. The flag was inaugurated on the 152nd birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. It was displayed by the army in Leh.

Japan’s parliament on October 4, 2021 (Monday) elected Fumio Kishida as the new Prime Minister. He has the responsibility to quickly handle the pandemic and security challenges before the expected national election.

All eight nominations of Indian hockey players on October 6, 2021 (Wednesday) got the top International Hockey Federation (FIH) awards. Harmanpreet Singh was crowned the 'FIH Player of the Year' in the men’s category, while Gurjit Kaur was the winner in the women's category.

A 6-year-old Indian-origin girl named Aleesha Gadhia was named winner of the British Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s Points of Light award on October 7, 2021 (Thursday). She has been honoured for her campaigns to raise awareness about deforestation and climate change. She has set up a climate change club in her school, which involves activities like litter picking and planting trees.

Aditi Maheshwari, a 20-year-old girl from Rajasthan, recently became the British High Commissioner to India for a day, said the media reports on October 10, 2021 (Sunday). She got the opportunity on October 8, 2021 (Friday) after winning the “High Commissioner for a Day” competition. The competition and is being organised annually since 2017 to celebrate the International Day of the Girl Child on October 11.

Indian athletes bagged all the medals on the final day of the ISSF Junior World Championship, said the media reports on October 10, 2021 (Sunday). India has got the maximum number of medals- 43, including 17 gold, 16 silver and ten bronze.

Footballer Cristiano Ronaldo has become the first men's player to score ten hat-tricks in international football, said the media reports on October 13, 2021 (Wednesday). He achieved the landmark in a qualifying match for the 2022 World Cup.

Chennai Super Kings (CSK) on October 15, 2021 (Friday) defeated Kolkata Knight Riders (KKR) by 27 runs to clinch its fourth Indian Premier League (IPL) title. During the match, MS Dhoni became the first player in world cricket to captain 300 T20 games. Notably, CSK is the second most successful team in IPL after Mumbai Indians (MI), which has five titles. Chennai Super Kings have previously won the IPL tournament in 2010, 2011 and 2018.

The Indian football team on October 16, 2021 won its eighth SAFF (South Asian Football Federation) Championship title, by defeating Nepal. Also, Sunil Chhetri became the second-highest goal-scorer in international football among active players.

Dr. Vivek Lall, an Indian American scientist, was honoured with the Lifetime Achievement Award recently at Dubai’s Ritossa Family Summits, said the media reports on October 18, 2021. The award was presented in recognition of his “outstanding vision, dedication and success,” said a media release. Notably, Dr. Lall is known for playing a major role in enhancing the India-U.S. defence trade.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 20, 2021 inaugurated the Kushinagar International Airport in Uttar Pradesh. The airport aims to connect key Buddhist pilgrimage sites globally. Kushinagar is believed to be the final resting place of Gautam Buddha.

The Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) recently opened an executive lounge at the Varanasi railway station, said the media reports on October 24, 2021 (Sunday). The lounge has been designed to offer a comfortable and enjoyable travel experience to rail passengers by providing services and facilities while passengers wait for their trains.

Actor Rajinikanth was honoured with the 51st Dadasaheb Phalke Award on October 25, 2021 (Monday) at the 67th National Films Awards ceremony by Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu for his impressive contribution to Indian cinema. Dadasaheb Phalke Award is India's highest award in the field of cinema.

Google Doodle on October 27, 2021 (Wednesday) celebrated Czech chemist Otto Wichterle's 108th birth anniversary with a special graphic. Mr. Wichterle is most well-known as the inventor of contact lenses. The doodle features an animated figure of Otto Wichterle holding a lens on his finger.

The government on October 2, 2021 (Saturday) launched a web portal – “Waste to Wealth” to discover solutions to India's waste problems. The portal will bring the citizens on one platform to solve the country’s waste problem.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 3, 2021 (Sunday) said that the display of the world's largest tricolour made up of Khadi cloth at Leh is a "unique tribute" to Mahatma Gandhi. The flag was inaugurated on the 152nd birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. It was displayed by the army in Leh.

Japan’s parliament on October 4, 2021 (Monday) elected Fumio Kishida as the new Prime Minister. He has the responsibility to quickly handle the pandemic and security challenges before the expected national election.

All eight nominations of Indian hockey players on October 6, 2021 (Wednesday) got the top International Hockey Federation (FIH) awards. Harmanpreet Singh was crowned the 'FIH Player of the Year' in the men’s category, while Gurjit Kaur was the winner in the women's category.

A 6-year-old Indian-origin girl named Aleesha Gadhia was named winner of the British Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s Points of Light award on October 7, 2021 (Thursday). She has been honoured for her campaigns to raise awareness about deforestation and climate change. She has set up a climate change club in her school, which involves activities like litter picking and planting trees.

Aditi Maheshwari, a 20-year-old girl from Rajasthan, recently became the British High Commissioner to India for a day, said the media reports on October 10, 2021 (Sunday). She got the opportunity on October 8, 2021 (Friday) after winning the “High Commissioner for a Day” competition. The competition and is being organised annually since 2017 to celebrate the International Day of the Girl Child on October 11.

Indian athletes bagged all the medals on the final day of the ISSF Junior World Championship, said the media reports on October 10, 2021 (Sunday). India has got the maximum number of medals- 43, including 17 gold, 16 silver and ten bronze.

Footballer Cristiano Ronaldo has become the first men's player to score ten hat-tricks in international football, said the media reports on October 13, 2021 (Wednesday). He achieved the landmark in a qualifying match for the 2022 World Cup.

Chennai Super Kings (CSK) on October 15, 2021 (Friday) defeated Kolkata Knight Riders (KKR) by 27 runs to clinch its fourth Indian Premier League (IPL) title. During the match, MS Dhoni became the first player in world cricket to captain 300 T20 games. Notably, CSK is the second most successful team in IPL after Mumbai Indians (MI), which has five titles. Chennai Super Kings have previously won the IPL tournament in 2010, 2011 and 2018.

The Indian football team on October 16, 2021 won its eighth SAFF (South Asian Football Federation) Championship title, by defeating Nepal. Also, Sunil Chhetri became the second-highest goal-scorer in international football among active players.

Dr. Vivek Lall, an Indian American scientist, was honoured with the Lifetime Achievement Award recently at Dubai’s Ritossa Family Summits, said the media reports on October 18, 2021. The award was presented in recognition of his “outstanding vision, dedication and success,” said a media release. Notably, Dr. Lall is known for playing a major role in enhancing the India-U.S. defence trade.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 20, 2021 inaugurated the Kushinagar International Airport in Uttar Pradesh. The airport aims to connect key Buddhist pilgrimage sites globally. Kushinagar is believed to be the final resting place of Gautam Buddha.

The Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) recently opened an executive lounge at the Varanasi railway station, said the media reports on October 24, 2021 (Sunday). The lounge has been designed to offer a comfortable and enjoyable travel experience to rail passengers by providing services and facilities while passengers wait for their trains.

Actor Rajinikanth was honoured with the 51st Dadasaheb Phalke Award on October 25, 2021 (Monday) at the 67th National Films Awards ceremony by Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu for his impressive contribution to Indian cinema. Dadasaheb Phalke Award is India's highest award in the field of cinema.

Google Doodle on October 27, 2021 (Wednesday) celebrated Czech chemist Otto Wichterle's 108th birth anniversary with a special graphic. Mr. Wichterle is most well-known as the inventor of contact lenses. The doodle features an animated figure of Otto Wichterle holding a lens on his finger.

Indian opener Smriti Mandhana on October 1, 2021 (Friday) created history by becoming the first Indian woman cricketer to score a century in a pink-ball (D/N) Test match. She achieved this feat during her 127-run innings on Day 2 of an ongoing Test match against Australia. Notably, this is also the first century by an Indian woman on Australian soil. Mandhana, 25, hit 22 boundaries and a six to score 127 runs off 216 balls.

Takeaway: The pink ball in cricket is used for day-night matches for the simple reason that the ball is easier to spot under the lights.

The government on October 2, 2021 (Saturday) launched a web portal – “Waste to Wealth” to discover solutions to India's waste problems. The portal aims to enable collaborations for sustainable development via circular economy and community participation. It will bring together technology providers, government stakeholders, urban local bodies and end-users on one platform to solve the country’s waste problem.

Takeaway: Sustainable development is defined as development that fulfils the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 3, 2021 (Sunday) said that the display of the world's largest tricolour in Khadi at Leh is a "unique tribute" to Mahatma Gandhi. He also urged people to make the fabric and handicraft products a part of their lives, this festive season. This one-of-its-kind flag is 225 feet long, 150 feet wide, and weighs over 1400 kgs. It was inaugurated by Ladakh Lieutenant Governor RK Mathur.

Takeaway: Leh is the joint capital and largest town of the union territory of Ladakh in India.

The Nobel Prize 2021 in the field of physiology or medicine has been awarded jointly to the U.S. scientists David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian. The winners were announced on October 4, 2021 (Monday) by the Secretary-general of the Nobel Committee - Thomas Perlmann. Notably, Julius and Patapoutian were cited “for their discovery of receptors for temperature and touch”. The prestigious award comes with a gold medal and 10 million Swedish kronor.

Takeaway: Nobel prizes are awarded in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace.

Japan’s parliament on October 4, 2021 (Monday) elected Fumio Kishida as the new Prime Minister. He will be tasked with quickly handling the pandemic and security challenges before an imminent national election. Mr. Kishida replaces Yoshihide Suga, who stepped down after only one year in office. Mr. Suga exited after witnessing his support plunge over his government’s handling of the pandemic and his persistence in holding the Olympics amid the virus spread.

Takeaway: Fumio Kishida was first elected to parliament in 1993 representing Hiroshima. He is an advocate for nuclear disarmament.

Indian Hockey on October 6, 2021 (Wednesday) touched new heights with all eight nominations getting top International Hockey Federation (FIH) awards. Harmanpreet Singh was crowned the 'FIH Player of the Year' in the men’s category, while Gurjit Kaur was the winner in the women's category. The 'Goalkeeper of the Year' award was won by PR Sreejesh in the men’s category and by Savita Punia in the women's category. The 'FIH Coach of the Year' award was won by men's hockey chief coach Graham Reid.

Takeaway: FIH is the international governing body of field hockey and indoor field hockey. It was founded on January 7, 1924.

A 6-year-old Indian-origin girl named Aleesha Gadhia was named a winner of the British Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s Points of Light award on October 7, 2021 (Thursday). She has been honoured for her campaigns to raise awareness about deforestation and climate change. So far, Gadhia has raised more than £3,000 for ‘Cool Earth’, the UK-based non-profit. Besides, she has set up a climate change club at her school, which involves activities like litter picking and planting trees.

Takeaway: Aleesha Gadhia is the 1,755th person to receive the British Prime Minister's Points of Light award. The award was launched in 2014 to recognise people making a difference in their communities.

Tanzanian novelist Abdulrazak Gurnah on October 7, 2021 (Thursday) was awarded the 2021 Nobel Prize in Literature by the Swedish Academy. 73-year old Gurnah is the author of 10 novels, including Paradise and Desertion. On winning the award, Mr. Gurnah said that he was "surprised and humbled" to be chosen from a huge list of wonderful writers. Notably, the nobel prize awarded by the Swedish Academy is worth 10 million Swedish crowns ($1.14m).

Takeaway: Paradise is the most famous novel written by Abdulrazak Gurnah. It was shortlisted for the Booker Prize in 1994.

The 2021 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to journalists Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov on October 8, 2021 (Friday). The two were honoured “for their courageous fight for freedom of expression” in the Philippines and Russia respectively. The award was an endorsement of free speech rights under threat across the world, the committee said. Notably, this is the first Nobel Peace Prize for journalists since the German Carl von Ossietzky won it in 1935.

Takeaway: The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Swedish industrialist, inventor and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel.

Aditi Maheshwari, a 20-year-old girl from Rajasthan, recently became the British High Commissioner to India for a day, said the media reports on October 10, 2021 (Sunday). She got the opportunity on October 8, 2021 (Friday) after winning the “High Commissioner for a Day competition” that aims to empower the next generation of women as leaders and trailblazers. During Maheshwari’s one-day stint, UK High Commissioner Alex Ellis acted as the Deputy High Commissioner.

Takeaway: High Commissioner for a Day competition is being organised annually since 2017 to celebrate the International Day of the Girl Child on October 11.

Indian athletes bagged all the medals on the final day of the ISSF Junior World Championship, said the media reports on October 10, 2021 (Sunday). With this, India finished at the top in the medal standings winning 43 medals in total, including 17 gold, 16 silver and ten bronze. The second place was bagged by the USA with 21 medals. Italy, France and Germany followed the top two with a tally of 10, nine and 10 medals respectively.

Takeaway: The International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) is the governing body of the Olympic shooting events in rifle, pistol and shotgun (clay target) disciplines.

Footballer Cristiano Ronaldo has become the first men's player to score ten hat-tricks in international football, said the media reports on October 13, 2021 (Wednesday). He achieved the landmark in Portugal's game against Luxembourg in a Group-A qualifying match for the 2022 World Cup. Ronaldo converted two penalties into goals before completing his hat-trick in the 87th minute of the game with a header. It helped Portugal record a 5-0 victory.

Takeaway: Cristiano Ronaldo has now scored 58 career hat-tricks, including 10 for Portugal.

Chennai Super Kings (CSK) on October 15, 2021 (Friday) defeated Kolkata Knight Riders (KKR) by 27 runs to Clinch - to finally get or win something its fourth Indian Premier League (IPL) title. MS Dhoni-led CSK posted a formidable target of 192 and restricted KKR to 165/9 in the IPL final. During the match, Dhoni became the first player in world cricket to captain 300 T20 games. Notably, CSK is the second most successful team in IPL after Mumbai Indians (MI), which has five titles.

Takeaway: Chennai Super Kings have previously won the IPL tournament in 2010, 2011 and 2018.

India on October 16, 2021 (Saturday) defeated Nepal 3-0 to win their eighth SAFF Championship title. Sunil Chhetri, Suresh Singh and Sahal Abdul Samad’s second-half goals helped India extend its domination in the regional tournament. Chhetri, with his strike in the 49th minute, equalled Messi on 80 international goals. Also, he became the second-highest goal-scorer in international football among active players.

Takeaway: Sunil Chhetri is an Indian professional footballer who plays as a striker. He captains both the Indian Super League side Bengaluru and the India national team.

Dr. Vivek Lall, an Indian American scientist, was honoured with the Lifetime Achievement Award recently at Dubai’s Ritossa Family Summits, said the media reports on October 18, 2021 (Monday). The award was presented in recognition of his “outstanding vision, dedication and success,” said a media release. Notably, Dr. Lall is known for playing a major role in enhancing the India-U.S. defence trade. He was instrumental in some of the top deals between the two countries.

Takeaway: Ritossa Family Summits is the world’s leading family office investment conference. Here, world leaders and elite family office investors convene together to invest and create a brighter future.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 20, 2021 (Wednesday) inaugurated the Kushinagar International Airport in Uttar Pradesh. Built at an estimated cost of Rs 260 crore, the airport endeavours to connect key Buddhist pilgrimage sites globally. Notably, Kushinagar is a significant Buddhist pilgrim destination. It is believed to be the final resting place of Gautam Buddha. Kushinagar is also at the centre of a Buddhist tourist circuit that comprises Lumbini (Nepal), Sarnath and Bodhgaya.

Takeaway:Now, there are three international airports in Uttar Pradesh, i.e., Kushinagar International Airport, Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport and Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport.

The Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) recently opened an executive lounge at the Varanasi railway station, said the media reports on October 24, 2021 (Sunday). The state-of-the-art lounge will offer an enhanced travel experience to rail passengers by providing services and facilities required for a comfortable wait during pre-departures and post arrivals. Passengers can access the lounge with an entry charge of Rs 85+taxes per hour and Rs 60+taxes for each extra hour of stay.

Takeaway:IRCTC is under the ownership of the Union Ministry of Railways. It provides services such as ticketing, catering and tourism for the Indian Railways.

Actor Rajinikanth was honoured with the 51st Dadasaheb Phalke Award on October 25, 2021 (Monday) at the 67th National Films Awards ceremony. Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu conferred the prestigious award on the southern star for his stupendous contribution to Indian cinema. Rajinikanth was accompanied by his wife Latha, daughter Aishwarya and son-in-law Dhanush during the award ceremony. Dhanush also received the National Film Award for his work in Asuran.

Takeaway:Dadasaheb Phalke Award is India's highest award in the field of cinema. It is presented annually at the National Film Awards ceremony for excellence in cinematic achievement.

Google Doodle on October 27, 2021 (Wednesday) celebrated Czech chemist Otto Wichterle's 108th birth anniversary with a special graphic. He was born on this day in 1913 in Prostejov, the Czech Republic. Mr. Wichterle is most well-known as the inventor of contact lenses. Besides, his innovations also laid the foundation for high-tech medical technologies such as "smart" biomaterials. The doodle features an animated figure of Otto Wichterle holding a lens on his finger.

Takeaway: The first Google Doodle, released on August 30, 1998, celebrated the Burning Man.

Indian grandmaster P Iniyan on October 30, 2021 (Saturday) emerged winner at the 5th Rujna Zora chess tournament held in Serbia. He scored nine points from the seven rounds. Notably, Iniyan had recently won an event in Spain and now his performance in the Rujna Zora tournament has helped him garner one Elo point. Iniyan remained undefeated in the tournament with five wins and four draws. At present, his FIDE rating is 2556.

Takeaway:The Elo rating system is a method for calculating the relative skill levels of players in zero-sum games such as chess.

Indian opener Smriti Mandhana on October 1, 2021 (Friday) created history by becoming the first Indian woman cricketer to score a century in a pink-ball (D/N) Test match. She achieved this feat during her 127-run innings on Day 2 of an ongoing Test match against Australia. Notably, this is also the first century by an Indian woman on Australian soil. Mandhana, 25, hit 22 boundaries and a six to score 127 runs off 216 balls.

Takeaway: The pink ball in cricket is used for day-night matches for the simple reason that the ball is easier to spot under the lights.

The government on October 2, 2021 (Saturday) launched a web portal – “Waste to Wealth” to discover solutions to India's waste problems. The portal aims to enable collaborations for sustainable development via circular economy and community participation. It will bring together technology providers, government stakeholders, urban local bodies and end-users on one platform to solve the country’s waste problem.

Takeaway: Sustainable development is defined as development that fulfils the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 3, 2021 (Sunday) said that the display of the world's largest tricolour in Khadi at Leh is a "unique tribute" to Mahatma Gandhi. He also urged people to make the fabric and handicraft products a part of their lives, this festive season. This one-of-its-kind flag is 225 feet long, 150 feet wide, and weighs over 1400 kgs. It was inaugurated by Ladakh Lieutenant Governor RK Mathur.

Takeaway: Leh is the joint capital and largest town of the union territory of Ladakh in India.

The Nobel Prize 2021 in the field of physiology or medicine has been awarded jointly to the U.S. scientists David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian. The winners were announced on October 4, 2021 (Monday) by the Secretary-general of the Nobel Committee - Thomas Perlmann. Notably, Julius and Patapoutian were cited “for their discovery of receptors for temperature and touch”. The prestigious award comes with a gold medal and 10 million Swedish kronor.

Takeaway: Nobel prizes are awarded in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace.

Japan’s parliament on October 4, 2021 (Monday) elected Fumio Kishida as the new Prime Minister. He will be tasked with quickly handling the pandemic and security challenges before an imminent national election. Mr. Kishida replaces Yoshihide Suga, who stepped down after only one year in office. Mr. Suga exited after witnessing his support plunge over his government’s handling of the pandemic and his persistence in holding the Olympics amid the virus spread.

Takeaway: Fumio Kishida was first elected to parliament in 1993 representing Hiroshima. He is an advocate for nuclear disarmament.

Indian Hockey on October 6, 2021 (Wednesday) touched new heights with all eight nominations getting top International Hockey Federation (FIH) awards. Harmanpreet Singh was crowned the 'FIH Player of the Year' in the men’s category, while Gurjit Kaur was the winner in the women's category. The 'Goalkeeper of the Year' award was won by PR Sreejesh in the men’s category and by Savita Punia in the women's category. The 'FIH Coach of the Year' award was won by men's hockey chief coach Graham Reid.

Takeaway: FIH is the international governing body of field hockey and indoor field hockey. It was founded on January 7, 1924.

A 6-year-old Indian-origin girl named Aleesha Gadhia was named a winner of the British Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s Points of Light award on October 7, 2021 (Thursday). She has been honoured for her campaigns to raise awareness about deforestation and climate change. So far, Gadhia has raised more than £3,000 for ‘Cool Earth’, the UK-based non-profit. Besides, she has set up a climate change club at her school, which involves activities like litter picking and planting trees.

Takeaway: Aleesha Gadhia is the 1,755th person to receive the British Prime Minister's Points of Light award. The award was launched in 2014 to recognise people making a difference in their communities.

Tanzanian novelist Abdulrazak Gurnah on October 7, 2021 (Thursday) was awarded the 2021 Nobel Prize in Literature by the Swedish Academy. 73-year old Gurnah is the author of 10 novels, including Paradise and Desertion. On winning the award, Mr. Gurnah said that he was "surprised and humbled" to be chosen from a huge list of wonderful writers. Notably, the nobel prize awarded by the Swedish Academy is worth 10 million Swedish crowns ($1.14m).

Takeaway: Paradise is the most famous novel written by Abdulrazak Gurnah. It was shortlisted for the Booker Prize in 1994.

The 2021 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to journalists Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov on October 8, 2021 (Friday). The two were honoured “for their courageous fight for freedom of expression” in the Philippines and Russia respectively. The award was an endorsement of free speech rights under threat across the world, the committee said. Notably, this is the first Nobel Peace Prize for journalists since the German Carl von Ossietzky won it in 1935.

Takeaway: The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Swedish industrialist, inventor and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel.

Aditi Maheshwari, a 20-year-old girl from Rajasthan, recently became the British High Commissioner to India for a day, said the media reports on October 10, 2021 (Sunday). She got the opportunity on October 8, 2021 (Friday) after winning the “High Commissioner for a Day competition” that aims to empower the next generation of women as leaders and trailblazers. During Maheshwari’s one-day stint, UK High Commissioner Alex Ellis acted as the Deputy High Commissioner.

Takeaway: High Commissioner for a Day competition is being organised annually since 2017 to celebrate the International Day of the Girl Child on October 11.

Indian athletes bagged all the medals on the final day of the ISSF Junior World Championship, said the media reports on October 10, 2021 (Sunday). With this, India finished at the top in the medal standings winning 43 medals in total, including 17 gold, 16 silver and ten bronze. The second place was bagged by the USA with 21 medals. Italy, France and Germany followed the top two with a tally of 10, nine and 10 medals respectively.

Takeaway: The International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) is the governing body of the Olympic shooting events in rifle, pistol and shotgun (clay target) disciplines.

Footballer Cristiano Ronaldo has become the first men's player to score ten hat-tricks in international football, said the media reports on October 13, 2021 (Wednesday). He achieved the landmark in Portugal's game against Luxembourg in a Group-A qualifying match for the 2022 World Cup. Ronaldo converted two penalties into goals before completing his hat-trick in the 87th minute of the game with a header. It helped Portugal record a 5-0 victory.

Takeaway: Cristiano Ronaldo has now scored 58 career hat-tricks, including 10 for Portugal.

Chennai Super Kings (CSK) on October 15, 2021 (Friday) defeated Kolkata Knight Riders (KKR) by 27 runs to Clinch - to finally get or win something its fourth Indian Premier League (IPL) title. MS Dhoni-led CSK posted a formidable target of 192 and restricted KKR to 165/9 in the IPL final. During the match, Dhoni became the first player in world cricket to captain 300 T20 games. Notably, CSK is the second most successful team in IPL after Mumbai Indians (MI), which has five titles.

Takeaway: Chennai Super Kings have previously won the IPL tournament in 2010, 2011 and 2018.

India on October 16, 2021 (Saturday) defeated Nepal 3-0 to win their eighth SAFF Championship title. Sunil Chhetri, Suresh Singh and Sahal Abdul Samad’s second-half goals helped India extend its domination in the regional tournament. Chhetri, with his strike in the 49th minute, equalled Messi on 80 international goals. Also, he became the second-highest goal-scorer in international football among active players.

Takeaway: Sunil Chhetri is an Indian professional footballer who plays as a striker. He captains both the Indian Super League side Bengaluru and the India national team.

Dr. Vivek Lall, an Indian American scientist, was honoured with the Lifetime Achievement Award recently at Dubai’s Ritossa Family Summits, said the media reports on October 18, 2021 (Monday). The award was presented in recognition of his “outstanding vision, dedication and success,” said a media release. Notably, Dr. Lall is known for playing a major role in enhancing the India-U.S. defence trade. He was instrumental in some of the top deals between the two countries.

Takeaway: Ritossa Family Summits is the world’s leading family office investment conference. Here, world leaders and elite family office investors convene together to invest and create a brighter future.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 20, 2021 (Wednesday) inaugurated the Kushinagar International Airport in Uttar Pradesh. Built at an estimated cost of Rs 260 crore, the airport endeavours to connect key Buddhist pilgrimage sites globally. Notably, Kushinagar is a significant Buddhist pilgrim destination. It is believed to be the final resting place of Gautam Buddha. Kushinagar is also at the centre of a Buddhist tourist circuit that comprises Lumbini (Nepal), Sarnath and Bodhgaya.

Takeaway:Now, there are three international airports in Uttar Pradesh, i.e., Kushinagar International Airport, Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport and Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport.

The Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) recently opened an executive lounge at the Varanasi railway station, said the media reports on October 24, 2021 (Sunday). The state-of-the-art lounge will offer an enhanced travel experience to rail passengers by providing services and facilities required for a comfortable wait during pre-departures and post arrivals. Passengers can access the lounge with an entry charge of Rs 85+taxes per hour and Rs 60+taxes for each extra hour of stay.

Takeaway:IRCTC is under the ownership of the Union Ministry of Railways. It provides services such as ticketing, catering and tourism for the Indian Railways.

Actor Rajinikanth was honoured with the 51st Dadasaheb Phalke Award on October 25, 2021 (Monday) at the 67th National Films Awards ceremony. Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu conferred the prestigious award on the southern star for his stupendous contribution to Indian cinema. Rajinikanth was accompanied by his wife Latha, daughter Aishwarya and son-in-law Dhanush during the award ceremony. Dhanush also received the National Film Award for his work in Asuran.

Takeaway:Dadasaheb Phalke Award is India's highest award in the field of cinema. It is presented annually at the National Film Awards ceremony for excellence in cinematic achievement.

Google Doodle on October 27, 2021 (Wednesday) celebrated Czech chemist Otto Wichterle's 108th birth anniversary with a special graphic. He was born on this day in 1913 in Prostejov, the Czech Republic. Mr. Wichterle is most well-known as the inventor of contact lenses. Besides, his innovations also laid the foundation for high-tech medical technologies such as "smart" biomaterials. The doodle features an animated figure of Otto Wichterle holding a lens on his finger.

Takeaway: The first Google Doodle, released on August 30, 1998, celebrated the Burning Man.

Indian grandmaster P Iniyan on October 30, 2021 (Saturday) emerged winner at the 5th Rujna Zora chess tournament held in Serbia. He scored nine points from the seven rounds. Notably, Iniyan had recently won an event in Spain and now his performance in the Rujna Zora tournament has helped him garner one Elo point. Iniyan remained undefeated in the tournament with five wins and four draws. At present, his FIDE rating is 2556.

Takeaway:The Elo rating system is a method for calculating the relative skill levels of players in zero-sum games such as chess.